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Bathing Girl


Theodor Mommsen

Otto V of Bavaria

Brütt Adolf (born May 10, 1855 in Husum, † 6 November 1939 in Bad Berka) was a German sculptor. Brütt was the founder of the Weimar school of sculpture and foundry, on 1 November 1905 has been opened and acted together with the black porcelain art workshops for burgers. 1910 Brütt went back to Berlin and Gottlieb Elster became his successor. Before the later of the Weimar Bauhaus workshops and master studio used in the so-called arts and crafts school building stood until around 1926 Brütts "figure of a girl" (1907). The studio building the sculpture school of fine art foundry, and the south wing opened in 1907 in the cultivated arts and crafts school in Weimar since 1996 belong to the protected UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Brütt was trained as a stonemason in Kiel and worked on his travels with among others the Linderhof Castle. A grant from the Kiel Savings Bank allowed him to study at the Berlin Academy, which he graduated in 1878. As a master student of the sculptor Leopold Rau (1847-1880), he became acquainted with the early work of Friedrich Nietzsche. In the following years he worked inter alia in the Munich studio of Carl Begas, the brother of Neo-Baroque sculptor Reinhold Begas.
Berlin 1883-1905
Kaiser Wilhelm I. equestrian statue in Kiel

Married in 1883 and built a Brütt Stadtbahnbogen on Schiffbauerdamm to the studio, and soon had success. His "Fischer" (1887, formerly at the National Gallery in Berlin, now in Flensburg, a new cast in Heikendorf near Kiel), his "Eve" (1889, National Gallery in Berlin, now the Town Theatre in Flensburg, bronze variant Gottorp Castle) and his "Sword Dancer" (1891/93, City Hall of Kiel) made him internationally famous (Gold Medal World Exhibition in Paris 1900), the leading figure in 1893 was the Munich Secession, was among the founding members Brütt. His student, Anita Nordenholz shaped the character for "woman combatants" in order (International Women's Congress Berlin 1904). Accordingly, reflects his Diana (1903, National Gallery, Berlin), rather the emancipation of the naked female body, as Brütts hunting enthusiasm, then connected it to the major hunting regulations for the German Weimar lawyer George Mardersteig.

Brütt was co-founder of the Secession related Fehr Academy in Berlin, had the title of professor, was a member of the Prussian Academy of Arts and the senator.
Tina Fountain in Husum

From 1902 Brütt continued his work on in his home town of Husum, for which he had already created in 1898 unveiled bust of the poet and novelist Theodor Storm. It arose inter alia Well-known as the Tine Asmussen-Woldsen Fountain, who became a symbol of the city. As with the provincial memorial to Kaiser Wilhelm I in front of the 2nd - World War II destroyed the main building of the Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, with the relief of the destruction of Danish warship "Christian VIII" from Eckernförde 1849 monumentalised Brütt the events of the German Reich war against Denmark: statue of General Wrangel, Baron Karl von Flensburg, 27 September 1903 revealed and Friedrich von Esmarch in Tönning, 1904). In Schleswig-Holstein, Bismarck created Brütt also received stills for Knivsberg and Altona.
Drawing Otto the Lazy

The time of his prized statue of Margrave Otto of the sluggard (Memorial Group 12) was built in 1899 for the Victory Boulevard, the group Friedrich Wilhelm II (Prussia) (Group 29) was followed by 1900th On 18 December 1901 was completed in the Victory Boulevard solemnly. The unveiling of portrait bust of Carl Humann Brütts in the Pergamon Museum, joined the project of Victory Boulevard programmatically with the ancient victory over the Gauls had invaded Asia Minor.

As part of the supplement to the originally planned 32 groups to the groups 33 and 34 Brütt group created in 1903 the Emperor Frederick III. (German Empire), whose concept of the whole system goes back originally. On a suggestion by Adolph von Menzel's subsequent construction of the statue Brütts Prince Wilhelm of Prussia in the uniform of the wars of liberation back. Thus the reference to the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church was then made with the Weimar finished marble reliefs of Brütt.
Weimar from 1905 to 1910 [Edit]

Since his "Otto the Lazy" is sought by the Berlin Brütt historicism solve. Brütt was friends with the influential Berlin banker Felix Koenigs († 1900), which actually conceived as the nucleus of a Berlin Secession museum estate he had of the Berlin National Gallery, which came in 1901, works by French Impressionists and Rodin. The artistic circle around the king had also a sculptor Max Klinger and Brütts childhood friend, the painter Hans Olde belongs. For the construction of the new Weimar appointed him in 1905 Olde professor of sculpture at the Weimar Art School, where the built-called Weimar Brütt Sculpture School and bronze foundry.
Commemorative plaque on the house Hegelstraße 2 in Weimar
Mommsen monument in front of the Humboldt University
"Sword" by A. Brütt in the town square keel

The resulting in Weimar marble seated statue Theodor Mommsen (1909) is the background of Heiner Müller's long poem "Mommsen's Block" on the occasion of its return to its old location in front of Berlin's Humboldt University (Sinn und Form, 1993, pp. 206-211). Brütts "Night" (1907), which processed his early encounter with the work of Friedrich Nietzsche by Leopold Rau, stands today at the Bauhaus University in Weimar.

Together with his students created the marble reliefs Brütt of poets and musicians in the lobby of the new Court Theatre opened in 1908 in Weimar. The portrait was based on Friedrich Schiller by Minister of State Carl Rothe 1909 plaque donated by the German Schiller Schiller Foundation, which was awarded in 1910 the poet Paul Heyse. [1]

Brütts as an urban hub designed equestrian statue of Grand Duke Carl Alexander unveiled on 24 June 1907, reminded of its commitment to the German constitution of 1849 in the State of Schleswig-Holstein war. Coinciding with the built heritage under protection of the law shielded from Weimar, Carl Alexander Old Town, it was enshrined in the Weimar Berlin in the way of political access, was removed in 1938 and is missing since 1946. 2003 - 2005 envisioned a work of Dieter M. Weidenbach Brütts the equestrian image on the original pedestal in front of old town of Weimar. Since 1 May 2005 is the realization of Carl Alexander before hunting armory in Bad Berka.

Even in Weimar conceived Brütt the City Hall fountain for Kiel in the form of Roland image and created after its 1904 the city of Kiel donated "Sword Dancer" in advance of the planned Berlin Olympics of 1916, an exemplary monumental work of male self-conscious act representation - where the "Bronze Age" sword the statue with the melted base group of the Kaiser-Wilhelm-monument "Schleswig-Holstein" combined and referred to the vorpreußische country's history. At the redevelopment of the town hall square in front of the Olympic Summer Games in 1972 the statue was rotated by 180 ° and is looking towards the Town Hall since then [2]. The "spirit warriors" of the sculptor Ernst Barlach colleagues after the First World War, the counterpart to Brütts work.
Plant Selection

    1887 The Fisherman, bronze, 176 cm, Berlin-Mitte, in the Old National Gallery
    1888 Phryne statuette, bronze, 52 cm, Husum, Nissen House
    Eve in 1889, bronze, 169 cm, Schleswig, State Museum
    1896 Sword Dancer, bronze, 206 cm, Kiel, City Hall Rotunda
    1890 Helmsman, sculpture, copper-embossed work, about 400 cm, keel today, NDR-building
    1894 fishing, marble, about 220 cm, Berlin, in the town hall tower hall
    1896 equestrian statue of Kaiser Wilhelm I, Bronze, approx 300 cm, Kiel, castle garden
    1898 Bismarck statue, bronze, 300 cm, Hamburg-Altona, green area at the King Street
    1899 (unveiling) Group 12 of the Avenue of Victory, statue of Otto von Wittelsbach, the lazy, busts of Bruges and Thilo Thilo of Ward Mountain, marble, larger than life, get damaged, Spandau Citadel
    1900 (unveiling) Group 29 of the Avenue of Victory, statue of Frederick William II, Count Carmer busts of Lord Chancellor and Immanuel Kant, marble, larger than life, get panicky, Spandau Citadel
    1900 St. Thomas the Apostle and Apostle James, sandstone, about 500 cm, Berlin, outside of the Cathedral
    1901 Female Figure, bronze, 43 cm, Husum, Nissen House, also decreased as a porcelain figure of marketed
    Asmussen, 1902 Woldsen Fountain, Fountain and Tine, granite fountain with about 200 cm high bronze sculpture, Husum, marketplace
    1903 (unveiling) Group 33 of the Avenue of Victory, statue of Frederick III, German Emperor, Field Marshal Blumenthal busts and Hermann von Helmholtz, marble, larger than life, just get bust Blumenthal, Spandau Citadel
    1903 statue of General Wrangel, bronze, 300 cm, Flensburg, City Park
    1904 statue of William, Prince of Prussia, marble, about 250 cm, Berlin-Tiergarten, near Little Louise Island Philharmonic
    1906 (inauguration) reliefs from the life of Kaiser Wilhelm I, Carrara marble, Berlin-Charlottenburg, tower ruins of the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church
    Night in 1907, marble, about 200 cm, Art School in Weimar
    1909 Opus 100, Marble, 83 inches, Berlin-Wedding, waiting room crematorium Court Street
    1909 Theodor Mommsen seated statue, marble, about 250 cm, Berlin-Mitte, Humboldt University of the Court of Honor
    1912 Schwertmann, Bonce, 300 cm, Kiel, Rathausmarkt
    1913 Waidwund, marble, 185 cm, Berlin-Schöneberg Town Hall, Brandenburg Hall
    1926 women's hair, marble torso, 95 cm, Kiel, Kunsthalle


    William Ahlmann
    Alexander Conze
    Lucas Cranach
    Wolf Erich Degner
    Curt Elschner
    Friedrich von Esmarch
    Ludwig Franzius
    Rudolph Hertzog [3]
    Siegmund Hinrichsen
    Carl Humann
    Michael Jebsen
    Richard Karl Leonhard
    Richard Koch
    Felix Koenigs
    Hans Christian Lange (1845-1914) numismatist
    Rochus von Liliencron
    William Martens
    Theodor Mommsen
    Hans Olde
    Eugene Petersen
    Julius Raschdorff
    Eduard Sachau
    Theodor Storm
    John Vahlen
    Charles Guard
    Karl von Wrangel

Human bust Carl in Berlin's Pergamon Museum

    Arthur Boué
    Gottlieb Elster
    Wolfgang Schwartzkopff
    Bernhard Sopher


The estate came to the Brütt Adolf Ludwig Nissen House in Husum.

Bad Berka Brütt honored in 1928 by an honorary citizen.

    Cornelius Steckner: The sculptor Adolf Brütt. Husum 1978 = writings of the Nissen House - Friesian Museum in Husum, No. 13
    Cornelius Steckner: The economy of the ancients. Cultural and technological change 1871-1914 in its impact on the shaping of the sculptor Adolf Brütt (1855-1939) (= New Art History Studies Vol 11), Frankfurt / M., Bern, 1981. X, 128 pp. 57 tables ISBN 978-3-8204-6897-7
    Cornelius Steckner: The sculptor Adolf Brütt. Schleswig-Holstein. Berlin. Weimar. Autobiography and Works. (Writings of the Schleswig-Holstein State Library. Edited by Dieter Lohmeier. Volume 9), Heath 1989th ISBN 3-8042-0479-1
    Before tab of Weimar, Karl August, the Grand Duke Carl Alexander and the monument, ed Friends of the Goethe National Museum, Glaux: Jena 2003rd - ISBN 3-931743-53-5

Artist from Germany

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