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Hans Zatzka ( 1859-1949) Austrian Academic Painter

. Hans Zatzka (originally Johann Franz Čačka Zabateri pseudonyms, P. Ronsard, Joseph Bernard to be confused (not with the French painter Joseph Bernard, 1866-1931) and Bernard Zatzka, born March 8, 1859 in Vienna Breitensee; † December 17 1945) was an Austrian painter. He was the brother of the architect Ludwig Zatzka and great-great uncle of the Viennese actress Hilde Sochor.

Hans Zatzka (1859-1949), "Abendzauber"


Life and Work

From 1877 to 1882 attended the Zatzka Academy of fine arts in Vienna and studied with Christian Griepenkerl, Carl Wurzinger and Carl von Blaas. He was honored in 1880 with the Golden Fügermedaille. After studying in Italy he worked as an academic painter in the style of Hans Makart successor in Vienna.

The Harem Dancer by Zatzka, Hans

The Harem Dancer, Hans Zatzka

Zatzka pseudonym P. Ronsard is the name of the French poet Pierre de Ronsard's Love, the leader of the poet's circle of "Pléiade" in the 16th Century borrowed.

Zatzka without ever painted sketches freely on the canvas. Model were his first wife, who died in 1912 of a heart attack, and his two daughters from that marriage (Martha Dolezel, 1899-1982 and her sister, * 1883). His son Fritz was also a painter and draftsman. Zatzka his painting activity led to a ripe old age at his home on in the Breitenseerstraße fourth At his death in 1945 he was at the suggestion of Vice Mayor of Vienna's Leopold Kunschak awarded the title of professor.
The nymph (1896) as a postcard motif (1890) [1]

HANS ZATZKA (1859-1945), "Girl with flowers"

Works and motifs

Zatzka first important public job with 26 years ago, the ceiling fresco at Kurhaus Baden near Vienna (a nymph picture). He painted ceiling frescoes in the stairwells of representative residences of his older brother Ludwig Zatzka, such as in-house Hietzing On 4th and Breitenseerstraße 8, the family seat in Breitensee and pictures in his retirement home Villa Zatzka in Spital am Semmering in Styria. Zatzka created numerous altarpieces and murals for churches in Vienna and Innsbruck as well as a votive sea hospice in San Pellagio and for the Church in Olomouc.

Zatzka to main motifs are the Madonna and Christ representations, guardian angel pictures, fairies, cupids, sensuous female figures, genre scenes, allegories and other popular motifs. Zatzka also turned to drugs and mythological scenes from the operas of Richard Wagner. He is considered a pioneer in the bedroom secular image.
Commissioned works of art institutions and publishers [Edit]

To turn of the century were Zatzka images from picture postcards sales in the "Wiener Gallery Artists" and sold by other publishers. To about 1906, Adolf May discovered in Dresden factory Zatzka for his paintings, later art institutions May AG (KAMAG), and gave him precise instructions in order to test the suitability for mass production. From 1914 Zatzka images were of large numbers of KAMAG oil sold as prints, including the first bedroom pictures. The works can be divided into three groups:
Signature Hans Zatzka

    The dance paintings have titles like "dancing flowers", "Spring Fever", "Maytime". You go back to one of classical models, which go back to Peter Paul Rubens, but also have roots in the season-and age-allegory, as it was taken up among others by Camille Corot, Hans Thoma and Franz von Stuck.
    Visions such as "dream wedding" with her scantily clad ladies and cupids swarm back to the theme often taken up the sleeping Venus, was the first time with Pierre Paul Prud'hon supplemented by numerous cherubs.
    The third genus is that of Kahn images reproduced under titles like "Mermaids Dream," "Elf Game" and "Lost Dream" were.

From 1924 to Zatzka KAMAG painted for the competition, especially for Felix friend in Berlin, where he had to deliver, according to his relatives, two images per week. His clients since the mid-1930s are no longer observed.
Church painting [Edit]
High altar and stained glass windows (part) Parish of Breitenseer
Apse of the church Baumgartner

From the mid-1920s took Zatzka the religious painting of public contracts on again, often for the church of his brother Louis Zatzka.

For the Saint. Lawrence dedicated Breitenseer parish church, built in 1896-98 by his brother Louis, painted Zatzka not only the altarpiece, depicting Mary with the Christ child, including the St. Lawrence and St. Francis of Assisi and of angels, but also created the paintings above the side altars, representing the temptation Jesus and the inclusion of St. Lawrence in the sky, and 23 medallions with saints, but these were painted over later. [2] The parish church of Breitenfeld in Vienna 8 created Zatzka frescoes and sixteen medallions with portraits of the twelve apostles and the four Fathers of the Church, which after bomb damage in 1945, paints and only were discovered in 1998. He also made the fresco "The Last Judgment" in the Arc de Triomphe and the angel medallions between the windows on the left wall of the church of the monastery church "to Holy Family" in Marianneum in Hetzendorferstraße (1887/88), which were also uncovered in 1988 (the convent chapel is also a building by Ludwig Zatzka).

The triptych of the hospital chapel in the hospital Hietzing (formerly Kaiser-Jubilee Hospital) shows not only the protector of the oppressed Vindobona as well as Vienna's mayor, Karl Lueger, the average image that shows the Saviour as a comforter of the sick. The dying man is wearing the face of Lueger, who is recognizable in other forms of altarpieces. The left image shows the festive occasion of the construction of the hospital as a joint effort of the City of Vienna and the imperial family, the right image, the charity as the winner of all diseases. The Art Nouveau-altar is made of the remains of the famous Otto Wagner church Steinhof.

In the Church of St. Charles Borromeo in the geriatric center at the Vienna Woods (formerly Lainz nursing home) is the triptych of Zatzka. Here, too, Lueger Zatzka of the right wing of the high altar picture was as the founder of the blueprint in hand shown kneeling in old German clothing, an example of "Bourgeoisifikation" religious painting (Floridus Roehrig). The middle shows the saint Charles Borromeo Church, left an old married couple sheltered by an angel.

Altarpieces Zatzka also created for Baumgartner parish church (apse painting behind the altar) and the Chapel of Mayerling (1895), also a construction of his brother, and for the Lueger's Church at Vienna's Central Cemetery ("The Last Judgment" - by Karl Lueger shroud - and series of paintings on the altar, 1910).

Copyright dispute

After Zatzka had painted the picture for Felix friend dancing flowers, sued Adolf Zatzka May 1924 Elf dance for an injunction and damages for copyright infringement of the image. Zatzka had contractually ceded all rights to this image to the publisher. Then Zatzka left before the district court in Dresden to determine whether May had a copyright interest in his work. This was first affirmed by the Court of Appeal, however, denied. A decision of the Supreme Court in 1928 affirmed the decision of the highest instance. The Committee stated, May was not a "co-creators" of Zatzka pictures, contract is the painting of "competition works" is not excluded, an art form is in contrast to a single work of art can not be protected and the flower dance was another work of art as the elf dance.

Fame and market value
After his death in 1945 went to the living Zatzka modest reduction in Brno relatives of his second wife, Marie, born Howorka, his former housekeeper.

Around 1975 Zatzka painting for about 5,000 marks were sold, since prices rose. Zatzka 1980 brought more than 10,000 marks. Especially in the U.S. are enjoying great popularity his motives. In 2007, one of Zatzka works in galleries and auction houses around 12 500 pounds already, 15000-20000 dollars and even offered $ 165,000 to see.

Appeared in 2004 in Somalia special stamps with four pictures of Zatzka images: harem dancer, nymphs, goddess of spring and the night sky.

The cover of the book edition of Moll Flanders by Daniel Defoe in the Stapleton Collection, UK Zatzka image is in the boudoir.

    2010: Hans Zatzka, an important painter from Breitensee. District Museum Penzing [3]


    Wolfgang Brückner: Elves dance - wedding dream. The pressure oil production 1880-1940. DuMont Art paperbacks, belt 22 DuMont, Cologne 1974, ISBN 3-7701-0762-4.
    Wolfgang Brückner: The Viennese painter Hans Zatzka girl and the arts for the people. In: Wolfgang Brückner: Art and Consumer Culture - bulking Research (= Publications of folklore and cultural history, 82), pp. 517-544, ISSN 0721-068X.
    also in: Herbert Nikitsch (ed.): Folk Art. Sections of Austrian folklore conference in 1995 in Vienna. Book series of the Austrian Journal of Folklore, Volume NS, 14 Self-published by the Association for Ethnology, Vienna 1997, ISBN 3-900358-11-7, pp. 201 -.
    Judith Orschler: The Viennese painter Hans Zatzka and the arts for all in the first half of this century. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Wuerzburg 2,001th [4]

Web Links

    Gallery of the Art Renewal Center
    Postcard prints of images from the Zatzka "Wiener Gallery Artists"

Notes and references

    ↑ Otto Wolkerstorfer: waltz and everyday life. Swimming in the second Half of the 19th Century. Grasl, Baden 1999, ISBN 3-85098-243-2, page 176
    ↑ Stefan Malfer: Emperor Jubilee Cross and piety. Habsburg "Pietas Austriaca" in the glass windows of the parish church of St. Lawrence in Vienna Breitensee. With color plates by Herbert Stöcher, Böhlau Verlag, Vienna, Cologne and Weimar, 2011, pp. 30-32.
    ↑ Herbert Richter Zatzka Hans, a painter from Breitensee. (28 pages, with color photos). In: Penzinger museum leaves. Volume 2010.68. Museum Association Penzing (eds.), Vienna, 2010 Permalink Austrian Library Network.
    ↑ thesis can not be verified. - Unsuccessful relevant queries on 12 January 2011. (A contribution by the author under the very same title is found recorded in DGV information. Releases of the German Society of Ethnology. Band 1997,106,2. DGV, Tübingen Permalink Austrian Library Network, p.52)

Artist from Austria

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