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Jan Brueghel the Elder /jɑn ˈbɾøːxəl/ (1568 – January 13, 1625) was a Flemish painter, son of Pieter Bruegel the Elder and father of Jan Brueghel the Younger. Nicknamed "Velvet" Brueghel, "Flower" Brueghel, and "Paradise" Brueghel, of which the latter two were derived from his floral still lifes which were his favored subjects, while the former may refer to the velveteen sheen of his colors or to his habit of wearing velvet.

Jan Bruegel the elder

Jan Brueghel the Elder


Flowers in a Chinese Vase

Peasant Dance for the Archdukes

Forest Road with Travelers

Flowers in a Porcelain Bowl

The Archdukes and Company before Mariemont Castle

Country Road with Halt of a Convoy

The Archduke Albert and Archduchess Isabel Clara Eugenia in the Palace of Tervuren Brussels

Peasant Wedding Banquet with the Archdukes

Peasant Wedding Feast

Flowers in a Painted Ceramic Vase with Moths

Travelers Meeting Band of Gypsies on Mountain Pass

Cybele and the Seasons in a Garland of Fruit

Flower Garland Around the Virgin and Child

Abundance and the four elements

Abundance and the Four Elements

Flemish Market And Washing Place

The Infanta Isabel Clara Eugenia In The Park At Mariemont

Infanta Isabella and her Ladies Making Hay near Mariemont

Madonna and Child in a Flower Garland

Perseus and Andromeda

Nymphs Bathing (Nymphs of Diana returning from fishing)

Flemish Fair

Flowers in a Wooden Vessel


The Wedding Banquet

The Paradise

The smell

The sense of taste

Village street

Small bouquet of flowers in a clay pot

Landscape with windmill

Port with the preaching of Christ

Feast of the Nymph Calypso for Odysseus

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He was born in Brussels. His father died in 1569, and then, following the death of his mother in 1578, Jan, along with his brother Pieter Brueghel the Younger and sister Marie, went to live with their grandmother Mayken Verhulst (widow of Pieter Coecke van Aelst). She was an artist in her own right, and according to Carel van Mander, possibly the first teacher of the two sons. The family moved to Antwerp sometime after 1578. In about 1589 Jan traveled to Italy, probably via Cologne. There he resided first in Naples, where his patron was Francesco Carracciolo. Next he moved to Rome, working for several discerning cardinals including, most famously, Federico Borromeo. It was in the company of Borromeo that Brueghel left Rome and took up residence in Milan, where he was part of the Cardinal's household. In the summer of 1596 he returned to Antwerp, where he remained for the rest of his life apart from short journeys to Prague and to the Dutch Republic.

While in Italy he applied himself principally to landscapes and history paintings, including Biblical narratives and scenes from mythology and ancient history. Back in Antwerp he continued these types of subject matter but also acquired considerable reputation by his flower paintings and allegories. He formed a style more independent of his father's than did his brother Pieter the Younger.

Many of his paintings are collaborations in which figures by other painters were placed in landscapes painted by Jan Brueghel; in other cases, Brueghel painted the figures into another artist's landscape or architectural interior. The most famous of his collaborators was Peter Paul Rubens in several of his small pictures—such as his "Vertumnus and Pomona," the "Satyr viewing the Sleeping Nymph," and the "Terrestrial Paradise.".

He had a studio in Antwerp, where he died from cholera on January 13, 1625.


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