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José Jiménez Aranda, (Seville, February 7, 1837 - May 6, 1903) was a Spanish painter. Brother of the painters Luis Jimenez Aranda Aranda and Manuel Jimenez.

Biography and works
Origins and early influences

Initially be formed in their first steps in painting by Manuel Cabral and Eduardo Cano de la Peña.

Equipped for the drawing, in 1851 entered the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of St. Elizabeth of Hungary in Seville. In 1868 he traveled to Madrid and the Prado know in depth the work of Goya and Velazquez. In 1867 he moved to Jerez de la Frontera, where he worked as a restorer and designer of stained glass until then travel to Rome where he stayed between 1871 and 1875 and will meet Mariano Fortuny that profoundly influence his paintings.
Travel

In 1881 he moved to Paris, where he remained for nine years painting works set in the eighteenth century with notable success. In 1890 he moved to Madrid and change the theme of his works by painting scenes of everyday life, that is, to bow to the manners at this stage of his life.
Returning to his hometown

The death of his wife and daughter in 1892 it is installed permanently in his hometown where he was appointed member of the Academy of Fine Arts, where he will become her school teacher hired in 1897 to retain until his death on May 6 , 1903. Daniel Vazquez Diaz, Eugenio Hermoso, Ricardo Lopez Cabrera, Manuel Santos and his disciples were Sanz Arizmendi this time in Seville.

Among his most outstanding works are "a disgrace", "A lance in the bull ring" and "A slave sale".

It was also a noted artist and illustrator, this facet in highlighting the 689 drawings for the centenary edition of "Don Quixote".
Honors and

Sent his works to the national and international exhibitions of Fine Arts, obtaining:

Honorable Mention in the National Fine Arts in 1864 and 1866, and two thirds medals in the editions of 1871 and 1878, respectively issue a medal for his painting "A lance in the bull ring" and "The guardacantón".

In 1890, First Medal of the National Exhibition of Fine Arts for his work A disgrace.

In the Munich International Exhibition of 1883, where he was awarded Medal of Honor.

He was also appointed Commander of the Order of Isabel the Catholic.

Literature

Gerardo Perez Calero, "José Jiménez Aranda," Art of Seville, Seville, Provincial Government, 1982.
Pantorba Bernardino, José Jiménez Aranda: biographical and critical essay, Madrid, Bibliographic, 1972.

From Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License

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