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Charon Ferrying the Shades

Portrait of Saint John of Avila

Portrait of Frederick Christian of Saxony

Portrait of Pope Benedict XIV

Portrait of the painter Maria Felice Tibaldi

St Ambrose Converting Theodosius

The courtesan in love

The Marriage of St Catherine

The Studio of the Painter

Pierre Subleyras (November 25, 1699 – May 28, 1749) was a French painter, active during the late-Baroque and early-Neoclassic period, mainly in Italy.

Subleyras was born in Saint-Gilles-du-Gard, France[1]. He left France in 1728, having carried off the French Academy's grand prix, which carried scholarship for study in Rome. In Rome, he painted for the Elector of Saxony, Frederick Christian, a "Christ's Visit to the House of Simon the Pharisee" [2], (later engraved by Subleyras himself), this work procured his admission into the famed Roman artists guild, Accademia di San Luca.

Cardinal Valenti Gonzaga next obtained for him the order for Saint Basil & Emperor Valens (also known as the Mass of St. Basil [3], which was executed in mosaic for St Peter's[4]. Another masterpiece is his painting of St. Camillo De Lellis coming to the rescue of the diseased at the hospital of the Holy Spirit [5]

He was a remarkably incisive portraitist, as evident from the portrait of Pope Benedict XIV[6] or of the obese Cardinal Valenti Gonzaga [7]. The pope himself commanded two great paintings, the "Marriage of St Catherine" and the "Ecstasy of St Camilla", which he placed in his own private apartments.
Portrait of Pope Benedict XIV

Subleyras shows greater individuality in his curious genre pictures, which he produced in considerable number (Louvre). In his illustrations of Fontaine and Boccaccio his true relation to the modern era comes out; and his drawings from nature are often admirable (see one of a man draped in a heavy cloak in the British Museum). Exhausted by overwork, Subleyras tried a change to Naples, but returned to Rome at the end of a few months to die. His wife, the celebrated miniature painter, Maria Felice Tibaldi, was sister to the wife of Tremollière.


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (Eleventh ed.). Cambridge University Press.

   1. ^ Grove encyclopedia entry
   2. ^ Christ in the house of Simon at the Louvre
   3. ^ Small study in Louvre, original now in Santa Maria degli Angeli
   4. ^ Mass of St. Basil
   5. ^ Camillo De Lellis coming to the rescue of the diseased at the hospital of the Holy Spirit in Palazzo Braschi, Rome.
   6. ^ Pope Benedict XIV portrait.
   7. ^ Cardinal Valenti Gonzaga

Partial Catalogue and gallery

Paintings at the Louvre

    * Don Cesare Benvenuti
    * L'Absolution de Théodose
    * Le Gaucon
    * L'Ermite ou Frère Luce
    * Les Oies du frère Philippe
    * Portrait présumé de Jacques-Antoine de Lironcourt
    * Saint Benoît ressuscite un enfant


Christ Carrying the Cross

    * Saint Jean d'Avila

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Paintings, Drawings