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Willem Kalf

Paintings

Still life

Still Life with Chinese Tureen

Still life with jug and fruit

Interior of a Kitchen

Still-Life with a Late Ming Ginger Jar

Still-Life with a Nautilus Cup

Still-Life with Porcelain and a Nautilus Cup

Still-Life

Still-Life with Silver Bowl, Glasses, and Fruit

Still-Life with an Aquamanile, Fruit, and a Nautilus Cup

Still-Life with Glass Goblet and Fruit

Still-Life with Drinking-Horn

Still-Life with Lemon, Oranges and Glass of Wine

Still-Life

Still-Life

Still-Life with Chinese Porcelain Bowl

Still-Life with Fruit, Glassware, and a Wanli Bowl

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Willem Kalf (1619 – 31 July 1693) [1] was a Dutch Golden Age painter who specialized in still lifes. Later in his life, Kalf became an art dealer and appraiser.[1]

Life and work

Willem Kalf was born in Rotterdam, in 1619.[1] He was previously thought to have been born in 1622, but H. E. van Gelder’s important archival research has established the painter’s correct place and date of birth.[1] Kalf was born into a prosperous patrician family in Rotterdam, where his father, a cloth merchant, held municipal posts as well.[1] In the late 1630s, Willem Kalf travelled to Paris and spent time in the circle of the Flemish artists in Saint-Germain-des-Prés, Paris.[1] In Paris he painted mainly small-scale rustic interiors and still lifes.[1] Kalf’s rustic interiors are typically dominated by groups of vegetables, buckets, pots and pans, which he arranged as a still life in the foreground (e.g. Kitchen Still life, Dresden, Gemäldegal; Alte Meister).[1] Figures usually appeared only in the blurred obscurity of the background. Though painted in Paris, those pictures belong to a pictorial tradition practised primarily in Flanders in the early 17th century, by such artists as David Teniers the Younger.[1] The only indication of the French origin of the paintings are a few objects that Flemish exponents of the same genre would not have pictured in their works.[1] Kalf’s rustic interiors had a large influence on French art in the circle of the Le Nain brothers.[1] The semi-monochrome still lifes which Kalf created in Paris form a link to the banketjes or 'little banquet pieces' painted by such Dutch artists as Pieter Claesz, Willem Claeszoon Heda and others in the 1630s.[1] During the 1640s, Kalf further developed the banketje into a novel form of sumptuous and ornate still life (known as pronkstilleven), depicting rich groupings of gold and silver vessels.[1] Like other still lifes of this period, these paintings were usually expressing vanitas allegories.[1]

Still lifes
Willem Kalf, Still-Life, Louvre, 1660.

Kalf's magnificent still lifes vary little in their structure, and most of them actually feature the same objects.[1] Usually, a damask cloth or tapestry is draped upon a table on which there is tableware, with gold and silver vessels, many of which have been identified as work of specific goldsmiths, such as Johannes Lutma. There is almost always a Chinese porcelain bowl, often tilted so that the fruits tumble out of it.


Notes

1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Willem Kalf (1622–1693)" (history, note year "1622" revised), Artfact, 1986-2007, webpage: http://www.artfact.com/features/viewArtist.cfm?artistRef=KZUVLCC1Z4

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/ ", Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License

 

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